Elete™ Hydration

Elete is the choice of hydration by Team Tinkoff-Saxo, led by Alberto Contador (before he was forced to withdraw due to injury – ed.), one of the front-runners of this year’s Tour de France and it’s not difficult to see why:

Hydrate 40% Faster with Elete Electrolytes
Here’s a quick guide to understanding electrolytes and how they can take your cycling to a new level.

The body can be compared to a finely tuned engine; the better the body runs and feels, the more performance and enjoyment one can experience while cycling. If food or calories are the fuel in the petrol tank, then electrolytes are the spark plugs.

Electrolytes are essential to the correct functioning of fluids in the body, which helps the body’s cooling system (thermoregulation), and delivers nutrients as well as transmitting all the required muscle movements.

Electrolytes are charged, water-soluble, essential minerals that make the body’s fluids electrically conductive. They govern a number of functions in the body including energy usage, regulating fluid balance and proper muscle function and are also essential to hydration.

Team feedback is so positive because Elete™ has no taste and is completely natural, has zero calories, and contains no sugars, sweeteners, flavours, preservatives or artificial ingredients.


Electrolytes and their Functions:

Magnesium – Essential for all energy conversion as well as to the proper function of sodium, potassium, and calcium within the body.  Also essential for muscles, nerves, the cell pump, bones and teeth and pH balance.

Potassium – The most abundant electrolyte in the cells. Essential for muscles, nerves, water balance and pH balance.

Sodium – Essential for thirst response, heat tolerance, muscle contraction, nerve conduction, water balance and pH balance.

Calcium – Essential for bones and teeth only. Small amounts in electrolyte form found in body fluids but it plays critical roles in that form.

Chloride – The most abundant negative electrolyte (anion) in the body. Essential for oxygen exchange, digestion, water and pH balance.

Elete™ is the only concentrated source of electrolytes which will provide the necessary electrolytes (magnesium, sodium, potassium and chloride) as a positively charged ionic form that are essential for efficient hydration to take place.

In addition to the 5 major electrolytes, Elete™ contains a blend of over 70 other trace and ultra-trace minerals in their readily absorbable ionic form.


Buy any two Elete products and receive a free Sports Bottle!


© Team Nutrition 2014

Team Nutrition on Le Tour

Team Nutrition on Le Tour

It was an outstanding privilege to witness Yorkshire’s Grand Depart for the race.

Enjoy the success of Pura 3 for yourself

Over two million people lined the route between Leeds and Harrogate to see the start of the 101st Tour de France.

From the steps of the start The Yorkshire Bicycle Show saw over three thousand people through the doors over the three days and it gave us here at Team Nutrition a unique opportunity to chat with riders, spectators and cyclists alike.

“The opportunity to offer serious recreational riders samples of the products enjoyed by the likes of Tinkoff-Saxo, Team Giant-Shimano and Trek Factory Racing is a great opportunity to gather feedback on taste and palatability”, enthuses Louis Cotgrove of Team Nutrition.

One of the common themes of visitors to our stand was how sweet and sticky most of the current hydration and energy drinks taste, but our Pura Perform range is so easy to drink. Mary Wilkinson explains, “The key to effective hydration is the palatability of the drink and the quality of its ingredients.”

Pura 3 Endurance uses a hypotonic formula with short chain and long chain energy sources from natural ingredients only. Hence the easy to mix and drink feedback.


Enjoy 10% off Pura 3 Endurance and receive a free sports bottle!


© Team Nutrition 2014

PeptoPro in Pura 3 enjoys Le Tour Success

PeptoPro at the Head of Le Tour

Enjoy the success of Pura 3 for yourself

The formula in Pura 3 Endurance has fuelled Marcel Kittel to three stage victories in the Tour de France this year.

The German Giant-Shimano rider benefited from the carbohydrates and in the drink and the PeptoPro, the hydrolysed casein source, that is quickly absorbed into the body due to the combination of di- and tri-peptides in the protein.

Pura 3 Endurance has the optimal ratio of carbohydrates to protein at 4:1 as well as providing a hypotonic hydration drink that works 40% quicker than comparable isotonic sports drinks.

Benefits of Pura 3 Endurance

  • Includes multi-carbohydrate sources (glucose and fruit fructose) which are absorbed and metabolised through different pathways to increase sustained energy delivery. (Currell & Jeukendrup, 2008)
  • The 4:1 carbohydrate to protein ratio provides bi and tri peptides to boost branch chain amino acid (BCAA) absorption by up to 27%, aiding insulin secretion and glycogen synthesis to speed up recovery. (Koopman et al., 2009 & Awati et al. in press. Ivy et al., 2003, International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism)
  • Recommended for drinking during endurance and ultra distance events. The formula has been shown to boost endurance by up to 36% and reduce muscle damage by at least 19%. (Saunder et al., 2004. Ivy et al., 2003, International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism)

See how Pura 3 can help you on the bike or running

© Team Nutrition 2014

Too Much or Too Little Sugar?

Sugar in the News

There has been a lot of controversy recently surrounding sugar from articles like this one and badly designed trails on programs like this one from the BBC.

But what underpins these dogmas? How do we know what is recommended? What is meant by sugar?

This article will attempt to explain the recommendations for sugar allowance in your diet, especially people who live an active lifestyle or who have a higher energy demand. The World Health Organisation (WHO) is currently drafting a new proposal to reduce the recommended 10% total caloric intake of added sugars to 5%.

The NHS seems to be falling in line with these recommendations. For an average person this would equate to 6tsps of added sugar a day (25g). (Moynihan 2013)

The WHO recommends that a maximum of 5% of your daily caloric intake should come from added sugar
Click for a bigger image to see how much added sugar your lifestyle allows


What is Sugar?

When we refer to ‘sugar’, we normally mean table sugar or sucrose, which is made up of glucose and fructose. These are termed simple carbohydrates.

Helpful Definitions

Added sugar:

Anything that is not incorporated into the structure of a natural whole food and eaten as it is, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains.


We are not all created equally, and evidently, when we exercise our caloric needs change with our energy demand. For example, an active sports enthusiast’s total added sugar allowance increases, along with the total caloric needs for the day.

Sugar comes from processing and refining sugar cane or sugar beet, which also removes the additional nutrients in the plant, such as various B vitamins, Magnesium, Chromium and Fibre.

These nutrients are needed for the metabolism of sugar into energy within the human body. Without them, we have to utilize our own stores of nutrients; hence, they are often called ‘empty calories’.

Eating excessive amounts of refined carbohydrates in this way therefore can lead to vitamin and mineral depletion, blood sugar fluctuations with corresponding rises in insulin and could lead the way to other problems such as dental caries, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (Moynihan 2013, NHS Choices 2012)


Is Sugar Needed in Your Diet?

However, glucose is absolutely essential for human functioning. It is fuel for the brain and red blood cells, so we need to make sure we have enough.

Thankfully, in normal circumstances, our bodies are pretty nifty at regulating this need as it stores glucose (as glycogen) and, if given enough time can make new glucose from amino acids in the liver if we are running short.

When exercising for extended periods (>60 mins) however, the stored glucose will become depleted and dehydration will set in. In this instance, drinking beverages which contain 30-60g per litre of carbohydrates and electrolytes ‘will enhance performance, avoid ensuing thermal stress, maintain plasma volume, delay fatigue, and prevent injuries associated with dehydration and sweat loss’. (Von Duvillard 2004, Park 2012)

But it’s always important to check the list of ingredients.


Energy Drink Checklist

  1. Look for a product without artificial sweeteners, flavourings or colours
  2. Choose drinks with added Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium and Sodium to support electrolyte balance and efficient hydration,
  3. Carbohydrate drinks are beneficial for replacing glycogen stores in the context of prolonged training and exercise (>60mins)
  4. Carbohydrate & electrolyte drinks maintain electrolyte concentration in the blood, help retain ingested fluids and helps stimulate thirst sensation for adequate hydration (Park, SG, 2012)


Further Reading

Frankenfiels, D, Roth-Youset, L, Compher, C. (2005) ‘Comparison of predictive equations for resting metabolic rate in healthy nonobese and obese adults: a systematic review’ Journal American Dietetics Association, May;105(5):775-89

Iowa State University ‘Carbohydrate’, http://www.extension.iastate.edu/humansciences/node/1220

Maughan, RJ, Leiper, JB, Shirreffs, SM, (1997) ‘Factors Influencing the restoration of fluid and electrolyte balance after exercise in the heat’, Brisitish Journal Of Sports Medicine Br J Sports Med. Sep 1997; 31(3): 175–182

Moynihan, PJ, Kelly SA. (2013). ‘Effect on caries of restricting sugars intake: systematic review to inform WHO guidelines’, Journal of Dental Research, 93(1): 8-18

Park, SG, Bae, YJ, Lee, YS, and Kim, BJ. (2012) ‘Effects of rehydration fluid temperature and composition on body weight retention upon voluntary drinking following exercise-induced dehydration’, Nutrition Research and Practice (Nutr Res Pract);6(2):126-131

Von Duvillard SP, Braun, WA, Markofski M, Beneke R, Leithauser, R. (2004) ‘Fluids and hydration in prolonged endurance performance’, Nutrition, Jul-Aug;20(7-8):651-6


© Team Nutrition 2014

The 6 Factors to Look Out For in a Protein Powder or Shake

There are loads of protein products on the market, each competing to be the best and there are many factors to take into account: cost effectiveness, amino acid profile and added ingredients to name but a few.

Here at Team Nutrition, we want to provide an objective guide to those of you looking for protein products, whether you are an athlete looking at muscle recovery, a gym-goer looking bulk up or someone looking to maintain or lose weight.


1. Protein per Serving


Perhaps the most important factor is amount of protein per serving, this means looking at the ingredients or the nutritional information of product.

If a product says 50 x 30g servings but each serving only contains 10g of protein, it will not be as effective as a similar serving size containing 25g of protein.

Furthermore, it is likely to contain ‘filler’ ingredients or extra bulking agents that make the product seem like value for money or give the powder a particular texture, but actually could not be as nutritionally beneficial.


2. Amino Acid Profile


This involves some more in-depth research or use of a calculator, depending on how the protein shake or powder is packaged. Many products display only the amount of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in the shake, rather than a complete profile.

This is not necessarily a bad thing as the amount of BCAAs is often a good indicator for the quality of the product. Be wary of shops that do not display the BCAA profile as this is sometimes the indicator of poor quality amino acid proportions.

Ideally, a decent protein powder or shake should contain at least 13g BCAAs per 100g (4g per 30g serving, the average serving size in many products on the market). This would provide you with one to two-thirds of your daily amino acid intake and around 20-40% of your protein intake.

It also should contain all nine essential amino acids; otherwise it is not regarded as ‘complete’ and your body could be missing out!

If you know that you need a particular amino acid, find out if that protein powder or drink has enough.

3. The Type of Protein


Not all proteins are the same. Apart from having different amino acid profiles, they also might contain different allergens. For example, if you are lactose intolerant then milk, casein, and most whey proteins will be unsuitable for you.

Furthermore, different proteins have different absorption rates into the body. Whey and Soya proteins are absorbed by the body very quickly and can therefore be very useful to be taken before training.

Milk protein on the other hand is absorbed far slower and is more suitable to be taken before bed or as a meal replacement shake – there is no point loading up your body with protein if you are not going to use it straight away!


4. Your Goals


This brings us nicely onto the next important point about choosing the correct protein shake or powder – what you are going to use it for. As mentioned before, proteins are absorbed at different speeds into the body and have different properties, so if you are going to be at the gym or exercising heavily, take a fast-acting protein like whey or egg (or a mix).

If you are looking to slim down or maintain your current weight, soya is good as it has no lactose or cholesterol, as is casein or milk protein for the slower absorption rates, which provide a steadier release of protein after consumption.

If you are looking to maintain an active lifestyle, either playing sports or otherwise exercising, be sure to take on from 2-2.5g of protein per kg of body weight (140-175g for an 11 stone adult).

Otherwise you will not be feeding your muscles with enough to recover and rebuild and you could find yourself falling ill as your immune systems suffers from the increased stress!


5. Added Ingredients


Many protein shakes and powders on the market today contain added ingredients, which perform a variety of tasks, from increasing absorption to performing very specific nutritional roles, like making you feel fuller for longer.

As always, make sure you know what you’re buying (or what you are not buying), there is no point paying for a lot of fancy ingredients if a) you don’t know what you’re taking or b) you don’t need to take!

If you are looking to bulk up and gain muscle mass, look for relevant ingredients like creatine, which accelerates muscle creation by providing them with lots of energy.

If you are a long distance athlete or need to recover quickly, added ingredients like a pro-biotic (or even better a pre-biotic) with help your body fight against illness as it becomes weakened from intensive exercise.

If you are looking to stay slim or lose weight, there are some highly specialized ingredients that can help you but most importantly, buy a protein powder or shake with very low carbohydrates, fats and cholesterol.


6. Taste and Texture


Finally, you should consider how the protein powder or shake tastes. Don’t fall for the marketing line that says effectiveness comes at the price of taste – this is not true in many cases!

If you do not like the taste or texture of something, regardless of how healthy or beneficial it is, you will not want to continue taking it!

Experiment with added ingredients (bearing in mind this will change the nutritional content!) or carrying amounts of milk or water or simply try another brand or flavour and you look will forward to working out – a positive frame of mind is equally as important as any product you take!


© Team Nutrition 2013

The Facts about Krill Oil

The Facts about Krill Oil


Research and decades of common sense have demonstrated the health benefits from a diet rich in Omega 3

Krill Oil provides superior absorption in comparison to fish oil, as the Omega 3 in Krill Oil is carried by phospholipids, which form part of the structural basis of our cell membranes.

Enjoy the healthy benefits associated with Krill Oil!

Facts about Krill Oil:

Clinical Studies have shown that Krill oil can start to help relieve Arthritis symptoms and assist mobility.

It supports heart and cardiovascular health and normal healthy cholesterol levels within the normal range in healthy individuals.

Krill oil is a unique source of phospholipids, omega-3 essential fatty acids and contains a naturally occurring antioxidant, Astaxanthin, a red orange carotenoid that provides the red colour of Krill.

Health Benefits


Cholesterol Health – promoting healthy LDL/HDL ratios and healthy triglyceride levels. In a comparative study with fish oil it was found that Krill oil, at half or equal doses, demonstrated significantly better results than standard fish oil on lipid parameters.

Cardiovascular Health – Krill oils phospholipids, rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, are readily available and absorbed and help support cardiovascular health in comparison to the Triglycerides from Fish Oil .

Joint Health – by helping to reduce inflammation and arthritic symptoms. Scientific research with Osteoarthritis sufferers has demonstrated that Krill Oil can start to help relieving Arthritis symptoms.

Brain and Eye Health – Omega-3 fatty acids are found in high concentration in the brain and nerve structures. The essential fatty acids are important for health and nerve function.


© Team Nutrition 2013

The Benefits of Krill Oil

Krill Oil from Neptune

Neptune Krill Oil is proven to be effective through successful human testing:

  • Cholesterol study demonstrates a 34% LDL Reduction and a 44% I increase in the good fats HDL
  • Chronic Joint Inflammation – Phase II study – 20% reduction
  • PMS study shows a 42% improvement (both physical and emotional symptoms)
  • Health Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids from Neptune Krill Oil


Cholesterol Management

Krill Oil NKO® is effective in controlling hyperlipidemia by significantly reducing total cholesterol levels, LDL (bad cholesterol) and triglycerides, while increasing HDL (good cholesterol) to as yet unmatched levels.  Please see results (Phase III a) tests


Chronic Inflammation and Osteoarthritis

Krill Oil NKO® can significantly reduce the C-Reactive protein and osteo-arthritic symptoms in patients diagnosed with a chronic inflammation disease. (Phase II)

Premenstrual Syndrome

Krill  Oil NKO® can significantly reduce the physical and emotional symptoms associated with PMS (premenstrual syndrome).


Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

The clinical results obtained during an open label pilot study demonstrated that NKO® may significantly improve cognitive function (among others concentration, planning skills and focus) of adults suffering from ADHD.


Bioavailability Study

Evaluation of the bioavailability and steady state assessment of EPA and DHA of Krill Oil Neptune l compared to pharmaceutical grade EPA & DHA esters, combination of bioactives simulating NKO® and fish oil.


NKO® Krill Oil

The worlds healthiest supplement?


Team Nutrition 2013

The Science of Krill Oil

The Science

Neptune Krill Oil (NKO®) is the first and only clinically proven Omega-3 Marine Phospholipid oil, with results demonstrating it to be 48 times more effective than the triglycerides-based Omega-3 fish oil. Clinical studies have shown NKO® to be a more effective source of EPA and DHA than conventional triglyceride fish oils as phospholipids are the primary structures of human cell membranes and the “gatekeepers” of cells, regulating healthy cell membranes throughout the body and brain!


Independent testing reveals the antioxidant power of NKO® Krill Oil to be:

  • Cardiovascular Health –  clinically proven to reduce cholesterol by up to 40%
  • Joint Mobility –  clinically proven to significantly inhibit inflammation and alleviate symptoms caused by osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  •  Research has demonstrated  significant reductions of symptoms for Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). And demonstrated Cognitive behaviour benefits 

NKO® Krill Oil in compression with Fish Oil

  • over 300 times greater than Vitamins A & E.
  • Over 48 times greater than Omega-3 Fish Oil.
  • Over 34 times greater than Co Q-10.
  • Low therapeutic dose starting at 300mg

Clinically proven efficacy

  • Cholesterol reduction management (Phase IIIa)
  • Inflammation, osteoarthritis (Phase II)
  • ADHD (Pilot)
  • Premenstrual syndrome (Phase II)

Neptune Krill Oil: The only omega-3 source offering:

  • No trans fat
  • No reflux
  • No heavy metals / no dioxins
  • No detected allergen
  • Krill Oil NKO® from Team Nutrition has no odour due to  new encapsulating technology!

How much to use?

The efficacy of NKO®  Krill Oil has been demonstrated at just 300mg per day. We suggest 2 x 500mg capsules per day in month one reducing to just one a day with food and water for best results.

antarctic krill oil is rich in omega 3

Nutrition Advice & Warning

Krill Oil should not be consumed by people with : seafood allergies, coagulopathy, or taking anticoagulants  such as Warfarin (Coumadin), or other medications.

  • Likewise if you are pregnant or lactating. If in doubt always consul your Doctor before taking  any supplements
  • Not suitable for vegetarians & vegans
  • Safe for athletes subjected to IOC and FA drug testing
  • Free from artificial colours and preservatives, yeast, gluten, starch and lactose.


Fishy odours can be present in poorly packed, low cost brands of Krill. The smell indicates the Krill Oil is reacting with the oxygen and the quality of the Krill Oil is being impaired To ensure maximum, qualify and health benefits from your Krill Oil , Team Nutrition have invested in 2-piece hard shell sealed capsules called Capliques. These Capliques offer the important dvantages:

  • By protecting the Krill Oil with a strong barrier to oxygen.
  • By reducing the number of inactive ingredients associated with gel caps.
  • Increasing the bioavailability of Krill Oil  to the body by promoting absorption.
  • Avoiding the use of plasticizers, that can exert a negative effect on your endocrine system.
  • Provides you with a good alternative to bovine capsules (we use fish gelatin)
  • Allows you to see your product’s purity through increased visibility of contents.
  • Resists tampering.
  • Packing quality processes are backed up by stringent certifications — ISO 9001, ISO 17025.

Team Nutrition 2013

The Team Nutrition Guide to Healthy Lunch Box Bars

Getting back into the rhythm of early mornings and a new school year can be very tiring for your children and it is paramount to keep them fuelled throughout the day to maintain their concentration and preventing them from getting worn down as the term goes on, which can lead to a weakened immune system and illnesses such as anaemia and glandular fever!

We at Team Nutrition believe that an energy bar at break or lunch is a great way of supplying your child with the needed energy to get them through the day and stay healthy.

Unfortunately, the market is flooded with chocolate and ‘snack’ bars, which contain high amounts of calories but simply do not fill you up for a long time and leave you craving more after just 10 minutes – Not ideal for a 7 hour school day!

So why do these bars leave you wanting more yet a similar sized bar full of natural ingredients keeps you going for a couple of hours, despite having a similar number of calories?

It’s all about from the source of the calories. Chocolate and ‘snack’ bars contain processed, refined sugars (what are often called ‘empty calories’), which provide an energy boost that quickly wears off, whereas a bar from natural ingredients will provide a long lasting healthy energy boost to keep your child concentrating through the day.

These bars keep you energised because they have a low to medium Glycaemic Index (GI), which means they contain carbohydrates that gradually release sugars into the bloodstream, rather than providing all the sugar content in one hit. So you don’t feel hungry after just 10 minutes!

We only work with energy and snack bars that have long chain, low GI carbohydrates, such as oats and dates for naturally occurring sugars and unprocessed berries, nuts and even protein from Soya (non GM) to help repair and maintain the body and count towards your 5 a day.

The best bars to buy (all with no added sugars or preservatives):

Nākd Oatie Bars: 100% natural wholefood, made with raw fruit, oats & nuts and very low in fat. Two sizes of bars are available: Nākd Nibble bars (30g) are ideal for school friendly snacks and the 68g energy bar makes a great addition to lunch boxes!

Nākd Nudie bars: Supremely simple, wonderfully tasty and gluten free snack bars, made with raw fruit & nuts and are gluten free. These rich 35g bars are available in a wide range of flavours to suit all tastes, from Cocoa Orange to Pecan Pie.

Trek Protein Bars: fruit, oats nuts and packed with extra protein. The best energy and recovery bar on the market, these bars are only made with raw fruit, oats, nuts, natural soya, ginkgo biloba and ginseng to deliver a natural, long-lasting energy boost. Perfect for hungry children, hiking and long days at the office!

Happy, healthy eating from Team Nutrition!

The BIG 5 Hydration Mistakes

1. Not drinking enough or drinking too much

Most people need between 500ml and 1 litre of water per hour during exercise. Less than that amount can lead to dehydration, but also more than that amount can lead to delusional hyponatremia (overly diluted blood sodium levels) or water-intoxication. The amount of water per hour does vary on the individual and weather conditions. A good way to determine your own sweat rate is to weigh yourself before and after workouts. Your goal is to keep weight loss to no more than 1%.

Team GB Athletes Use Pura to Hydrate
Kate Reed, British 10,000 m Olympian, drinks Pura 1 to stay hydrated

2. Only drinking water or a drink with little or no electrolytes

A water-only hydration strategy will only dilute your blood sodium levels as mentioned above. Having the proper balance in your blood of water and electrolytes, will help you avoid all sorts of problems such as gastric stress, muscle spasms and cramping most importantly, the bloated feeling that blights many athletes. This happens due to the electrolytes present in hypotonic drinks speed the absorption of water into the lower intestine, therefore reducing the water sloshing around in your stomach.

3. Only using a simple sugar fuel

Simple sugars are used in most popular sports drinks for taste and some energy. However, despite the short-term energy boost, simple sugar fuels must be mixed in weak solutions or they will simply sit undigested in the stomach and not pass through the gastric lining, possibly creating an upset stomach or cramps. The right combination of short and long-term sugars in a sports drink is paramount, as they provide a steady release of energy over a longer period of time, which will improve performance and concentration.

4. Lack of hydration before and during exercise

Some athletes approach training workouts and racing without a plan for hydration and just use the “wait until I’m thirsty” approach.  A far more successful approach is to determine your individual sweat rate based on certain weather conditions and use this information to consume the proper amount of fluids per hour:

  • Sip small amounts of fluid over the entire hour versus one or two big gulps.
  • For optimum hydration consume at least 250 to 500ml before exercise.
  • To sustain flow to your small intestine, consume at least 150 to 250ml every 15 to 20 minutes during exercise.
  • Increase the intake according to your intensity of training and sweat loss.

5. Not practicing a hydration strategy or trying something completely different on race day

The best way to fine tune your hydration strategy is practice. Knowing how your body reacts to the proper fuels, fluids and electrolytes will be the key to your best performance on race day.


© Team Nutrition 2013